Gestational surrogacy is a process in which one woman (either the intended mother or a chosen egg donor) provides the eggs used to develop embryos, and another woman (the surrogate) undergoes the embryo transfer and carries the pregnancy. The sperm can come either from the intended father or from a sperm donor. The intended parents are intimately involved during the course of the pregnancy, are usually present at the time of birth and assume parenting responsibilities immediately following delivery.
For some patients, gestational surrogacy offers the best option for having a child. The primary indications for gestational surrogacy include:
- Not having a uterus either from having a hysterectomy or from being born without a functional uterus
- Significant uterine abnormalities including extensive scarring (Asherman’s Syndrome) or inoperable fibroids
- Serious medical problems that pose too great a risk for the intended mother and/or baby
- History of repeated unexplained implantation failures with IVF
- History of recurrent pregnancy loss
- Gay male couples or individuals
From a procedural standpoint, the process of using a gestational surrogate is exactly the same as in an egg donor/recipient cycle, except for that the recipient in this case is the gestational surrogate.
The surrogate can be a family member, a friend or acquaintance or can be acquired through a surrogate agency (see list below). It is preferred, however, that any woman choosing to be a surrogate is under age 40 and has had a successful pregnancy in the past. Women electing to become surrogates must go through a screening process in order to determine their ultimate eligibility. A full history and physical is performed, as well as evaluation of the uterus, genetic screening and psychological evaluation. Screening bloodwork will also be performed, including STD testing on the gestational surrogate as well as any intimate partners.
Once the surrogate is chosen, an attorney specializing in reproductive law (see list below) must be consulted in order to draw up and oversee the signing of legal contracts between the intended parents and the gestational surrogate.
Contact: Anna Lee Hicks
450 N. Roxbury
Beverly Hills, CA 90210
Center for Surrogate Parenting (CSP)
Contact: Karen Synesiou
15821 Ventura Blvd # 675
Encino, CA 91436
Contact: Stephanie Goldman
2254 Ventura Blvd. #203,
Woodland Hills, CA 91364
Surrogate Parenting Services (SPS)
Contacts: Lauri Berger de Brito & Kathryn Kaycoff Manos, MA
16954 Strawberry Dr.
Encino, CA 91436
The Surrogacy SOURCE
2151 Michelson Drive, Suite 125
Irvine, CA 92612
11915 La Grange Avenue
Los Angeles, CA 90025
p: 866.927.9622 or 310.443.5244
3015 Williams Drive, Suite 110
Fairfax, VA 22031
p: 800.338.8407 or 703.698.3976
3015 Williams Drive Suite 110
Fairfax, Virginia 22031
p: 800.466.2796 or 651.489.8000
Xytex Cryo International
1100 Emmett Street
Augusta Georgia 30904-5826
Sperm Bank, Inc.
12791 Newport Avenue, Suite 206
Tustin, CA 92780
8211 Remmet Ave.
Canoga Park, CA 91304
(800) 255-7242 (U.S. and Canada Only)
(818) 251-3831 (Fax)
508 West 6th, Suite #801
Spokane, WA 99204
Steven W. Lazarus
9841 Airport Blvd. #1200
Los Angeles, CA 90045
D. Durand Cook
10170 Culver Boulevard
Culver City, CA 90232
22048 Sherman Way #212
Canoga Park, CA 91303
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